A joystick is normally used to operate two axes simultaneously, controlling pitch and roll of an aircraft. The most common design for flight simulator joysticks is normally a gimbal design, where one axis is gimballed around the other, allowing a single joint for both axes.
And then you have the control wheel type controllers, often referred to as a ‘yoke’ or ‘control column’.
Although there’s no absolute distinction for their use, the control wheel/yoke/control column are not usually found in fighters.
However, many fighter aircraft have a split axis design, sort of a hybrid between a joystick and a control column. I struggle with coming up with a proper name for it…? Maybe someone can help me out here…? [slowly turning my head, looking at @TheAlmightySnark]. It’s like a one handed control wheel…
I looked through my DCS hangar and came up with quite a few aircraft that has a stick, controlling roll, on top of a base that controls pitch.
There are obvious advantages to this.
Your thighs will not interfere with roll input as much.
I think the easiest way to do this would be have the pivot point for pitch axis near the floor, and the pivot point for the roll just below the stick… the spitfire’s stick that you have pictured above is probably the most basic of this type… i think it inclded bicycle chains and pulleys
Not sure there’s a specific name for this but it’s mostly a solution born from the problem of having a physical split between both axis as they control different columns/rods that transfer the forces through mixers, cables and other such devices to the control surfaces.
Good luck implementing this in the pit! I think it’s feasible and probably hella fun too!
If I move the attachment points of the gas springs above the joint, illustrated in blue, the moment arms will shift so that the gas spring that resist the rotation get an increasing moment arm as the rotational angle increases…
my DIY collective is here laying on the ground waiting for the finishing touch… (few months already)
But talking about new sticks, X-5x family, here is my X55 grip disassembled. Trying to figure out an extension.
In case the extension will not work for any reason, will start with the kind of stick with separated axis.
Yeah, I’m just testing different concepts at the moment.
I’m intrigued by the gas springs as they provide a heavy but smooth feel.
The stick only needs about 60° (30° either way) of travel.
Here’s how it looks with the gas spring attachments above the joint.
There is some centering force, but not enough. But this joint is just a M8 screw through wood, with noticeable friction. The actual stick will of course have bearings.